A panel of Coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4) neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were tested against a panel of normal mouse tissues. One mAb, 356-1, reacted specifically with murine heart tissue. Immunohistochemical studies revealed an A band pattern of staining of the heart. Examination of sequential differential extracts of heart by Western immunoblotting showed that 356-1 predominantly reacted with the murine cardiac myosin heavy chain. A rather weak cross-reaction was found with actin. These observations were confirmed by the binding of 356-1 to purified cardiac myosin and actin. This antibody showed a higher affinity for murine cardiac muscle myosin than for skeletal muscle myosin. Examination of the reactivity of 356-1 with CVB4 polypeptides using Western immunoblotting revealed that 356-1 binds to the VP-1 capsid protein. These studies imply that molecular mimicry is one mechanism by which autoimmunity could develop during CVB4 induced myocarditis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases