A Pharmacological/Physiological Comparison between ADHD Medications and Exercise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder that typically begins in childhood and often persists into adulthood. Up to 7% of children between the ages of 4 and 17 years are affected by the disorder, with approximately 2/3 of those diagnosed currently taking medication to help manage the symptoms. ADHD symptoms include abnormal levels of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity. The most common treatment modality for ADHD is stimulant-type medications that work to regulate dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the brain. Exercise has also been shown to help control ADHD symptoms through the regulation of dopamine and norepinephrine. This article briefly compares the pharmacological mechanisms of ADHD medications with the physiological mechanisms of exercise relative to ADHD. Recommendations for the concomitant use of both treatment modalities are also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-308
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

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Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Pharmacology
Exercise
Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Impulsive Behavior
Brain
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

A Pharmacological/Physiological Comparison between ADHD Medications and Exercise. / Lenz, Thomas L.

In: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 4, 07.2012, p. 306-308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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