A prospective study of quantitative ultrasound in children and adolescents

Joan M. Lappe, Mary Ruth Stegman, K. Michael Davies, Shelly Barber, Robert R. Recker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The accrual of optimal bone mass during childhood and adolescence is essential for the formation of a skeleton that will meet structural needs throughout life. Assessing bone health of children is becoming increasingly important in order to identify those who require interventions, and quantitative ultrasound (QUS) has appeal for these assessments. The purpose of this prospective study was to characterize changes in QUS values in 328 healthy children and adolescents over a 3-yr period. Measurements of QUS, height, weight, nutrient intake, fracture history, and Tanner stage were made at baseline and 3 yr later. Both females and males experienced significant increases in QUS values during the study. The rate of change of QUS peaked at an earlier age in females than in males, and maximum accumulation rates in both genders occurred at ages at which highest accumulation rates are seen with densitometry. Females exhibited higher QUS values than males during puberty, also similar to results for dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). This is the first report of prospective data of QUS in children and adolescents. Our findings that QUS values change during childhood and adolescence in a manner similar to DXA values, the 'gold standard,' provide support for the validity of using QUS to assess bone health in children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-175
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Densitometry
Volume3
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Prospective Studies
Photon Absorptiometry
Bone and Bones
Densitometry
Puberty
Skeleton
Weights and Measures
Food
Child Health
Adolescent Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

A prospective study of quantitative ultrasound in children and adolescents. / Lappe, Joan M.; Stegman, Mary Ruth; Davies, K. Michael; Barber, Shelly; Recker, Robert R.

In: Journal of Clinical Densitometry, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2000, p. 167-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lappe, Joan M. ; Stegman, Mary Ruth ; Davies, K. Michael ; Barber, Shelly ; Recker, Robert R. / A prospective study of quantitative ultrasound in children and adolescents. In: Journal of Clinical Densitometry. 2000 ; Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 167-175.
@article{f5bc72ae39f24895ae17a67804fda41a,
title = "A prospective study of quantitative ultrasound in children and adolescents",
abstract = "The accrual of optimal bone mass during childhood and adolescence is essential for the formation of a skeleton that will meet structural needs throughout life. Assessing bone health of children is becoming increasingly important in order to identify those who require interventions, and quantitative ultrasound (QUS) has appeal for these assessments. The purpose of this prospective study was to characterize changes in QUS values in 328 healthy children and adolescents over a 3-yr period. Measurements of QUS, height, weight, nutrient intake, fracture history, and Tanner stage were made at baseline and 3 yr later. Both females and males experienced significant increases in QUS values during the study. The rate of change of QUS peaked at an earlier age in females than in males, and maximum accumulation rates in both genders occurred at ages at which highest accumulation rates are seen with densitometry. Females exhibited higher QUS values than males during puberty, also similar to results for dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). This is the first report of prospective data of QUS in children and adolescents. Our findings that QUS values change during childhood and adolescence in a manner similar to DXA values, the 'gold standard,' provide support for the validity of using QUS to assess bone health in children and adolescents.",
author = "Lappe, {Joan M.} and Stegman, {Mary Ruth} and Davies, {K. Michael} and Shelly Barber and Recker, {Robert R.}",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "167--175",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Densitometry",
issn = "1094-6950",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A prospective study of quantitative ultrasound in children and adolescents

AU - Lappe, Joan M.

AU - Stegman, Mary Ruth

AU - Davies, K. Michael

AU - Barber, Shelly

AU - Recker, Robert R.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - The accrual of optimal bone mass during childhood and adolescence is essential for the formation of a skeleton that will meet structural needs throughout life. Assessing bone health of children is becoming increasingly important in order to identify those who require interventions, and quantitative ultrasound (QUS) has appeal for these assessments. The purpose of this prospective study was to characterize changes in QUS values in 328 healthy children and adolescents over a 3-yr period. Measurements of QUS, height, weight, nutrient intake, fracture history, and Tanner stage were made at baseline and 3 yr later. Both females and males experienced significant increases in QUS values during the study. The rate of change of QUS peaked at an earlier age in females than in males, and maximum accumulation rates in both genders occurred at ages at which highest accumulation rates are seen with densitometry. Females exhibited higher QUS values than males during puberty, also similar to results for dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). This is the first report of prospective data of QUS in children and adolescents. Our findings that QUS values change during childhood and adolescence in a manner similar to DXA values, the 'gold standard,' provide support for the validity of using QUS to assess bone health in children and adolescents.

AB - The accrual of optimal bone mass during childhood and adolescence is essential for the formation of a skeleton that will meet structural needs throughout life. Assessing bone health of children is becoming increasingly important in order to identify those who require interventions, and quantitative ultrasound (QUS) has appeal for these assessments. The purpose of this prospective study was to characterize changes in QUS values in 328 healthy children and adolescents over a 3-yr period. Measurements of QUS, height, weight, nutrient intake, fracture history, and Tanner stage were made at baseline and 3 yr later. Both females and males experienced significant increases in QUS values during the study. The rate of change of QUS peaked at an earlier age in females than in males, and maximum accumulation rates in both genders occurred at ages at which highest accumulation rates are seen with densitometry. Females exhibited higher QUS values than males during puberty, also similar to results for dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). This is the first report of prospective data of QUS in children and adolescents. Our findings that QUS values change during childhood and adolescence in a manner similar to DXA values, the 'gold standard,' provide support for the validity of using QUS to assess bone health in children and adolescents.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033910585&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033910585&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 10873227

AN - SCOPUS:0033910585

VL - 3

SP - 167

EP - 175

JO - Journal of Clinical Densitometry

JF - Journal of Clinical Densitometry

SN - 1094-6950

IS - 2

ER -