HIV is one of the most devastating viral infections the world has ever encountered. Ever since HIV was first identified in the 1980s, it has claimed millions of lives worldwide. There has been tremendous research and development in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of HIV. Small molecules have been shown to reduce the virus to nondetectable level in human plasma, however, there are reservoirs of latent virus that reemerge if antiretroviral therapy is stopped. There is no vaccine to prevent or cure HIV. A significant amount of research has been reported in the literature regarding antibodies for CCR5, a HIV entry host receptor. This report describes the role of CCR5 antibody in HIV prevention/treatment and how antibody-conjugated nanoparticles could be a future strategy with the potential to effectively eradicate the virus from the human system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science