Acute secondary adrenal insufficiency as the presenting manifestation of small-cell lung carcinoma

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A 66-year-old man, chronic smoker, presented with episodes of syncope, hypotension and constitutional symptoms. Initial evaluation revealed pre-renal azotaemia and acute secondary adrenal insufficiency.MRI performed was interpreted as a pituitary macroadenoma with enlargement of the infundibulum (stalk). Further endocrinological tests performed suggested central hypothyroidism and hypogonadism. Subsequent development of haemoptysis, headache and diplopia warranted further investigations, which revealed stage IV small-cell lung carcinoma with adrenal metastases. Subsequent brain imaging showed lesions in the brain parenchyma, pituitary and stalk, characteristic of metastases. Thus, we present a very atypical case of pituitary metastases presenting with acute secondary adrenal insufficiency.


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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