Introduction: Alogliptin is a highly selective inhibitor of the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4). It is one of several agents of this class now available for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Areas covered: This review is based upon a PubMed search and personal experience with alogliptin. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of alogliptin are reviewed. The glucose-lowering effect of this agent is discussed as monotherapy and in combination with metformin, sulfonylurea, piogilitazone and insulin. The potential adverse effects of alogliptin are summarized. Alogliptin is compared with the other available DPP-4 inhibitors. Expert opinion: Alogliptin is an additional choice in the group of DPP-4 inhibitors. As a group, these agents have a relatively modest glucose-lowering effect, inferior to that of metformin, sulfonylureas, and insulin. They do not have the benefit of weight loss offered by the glucagon-like polypeptide (GLP)-1 agonists. The primary use of DPP-4 inhibitors is in combination with other hypoglycemic agents, mainly metformin. Their principal advantage is a low incidence of hypoglycemia, making these agents desirable in patients such as the elderly and those with cardiac disease. A greater use of alogliptin and other DPP-4 inhibitors will occur if long-term studies show reduced cardiac events or long-term retention of insulin secretory capacity. The Examine Trial, a large study of alogliptin in coronary disease patients, is now underway and could provide important supportive data.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)