Ototoxicity refers to damage of inner ear structures (i.e., the cochlea and vestibule) and their function (hearing and balance) following exposure to specific in-hospital medications (i.e., aminoglycoside antibiotics, platinum-based drugs), as well as a variety of environmental or occupational exposures (e.g., metals and solvents). This review provides a narrative derived from relevant papers describing factors contributing to (or increasing the risk of ) aminoglycoside and cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. We also review current strategies to protect against ototoxicity induced by these indispensable pharmacotherapeutic treatments for life-threatening infections and solid tumors. We end by highlighting several interventional strategies that are currently in development, as well as the diverse challenges that still need to be overcome to prevent drug-induced hearing loss.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)