An occupational look at temporal adaptation

Night shift nurses

Heather A. Gallew, Keli Mu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This phenomenological study describes the lived-experience of night shift and the adaptive strategies used by night shift nurses. Eleven female night shift nurses working in the nursery and birthing centers of two affiliated Midwestern hospitals in the United States participated in the study. Face to face, semi-structured individual interviews were conducted and data were analyzed using a qualitative approach to discover patterns and themes. Two themes emerged that reflected the lived experiences of the night shift nurses: (1) Living by night, sleeping by day: The masquerade, and (2) Relationships and family lives: A kaleidoscope. Two additional themes were identified to describe the adaptive strategies of the night shift nurses: (3) A ‘just do it’ attitude and (4) Occupational strategies for nightlife. Findings of the study suggest that the temporal challenges and demands of night shift disrupt occupational patterns and routines, which are strongly influenced by the diurnal nature of humans. Many of the night shift nurses made sacrifices in order to fulfill their life-roles and re-establish meaningful occupational routines. As they struggled to adjust, many also experienced feelings of guilt, as if they were wasting their day sleeping. The process of temporal adaptation to night shift is complex and continuous and affects all domains of the night shifter's life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational Science
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Fingerprint

nurse
guilt
experience
interview

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

An occupational look at temporal adaptation : Night shift nurses. / Gallew, Heather A.; Mu, Keli.

In: Journal of Occupational Science, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2004, p. 23-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f5e9145773b946c3b537ffc8e6580822,
title = "An occupational look at temporal adaptation: Night shift nurses",
abstract = "This phenomenological study describes the lived-experience of night shift and the adaptive strategies used by night shift nurses. Eleven female night shift nurses working in the nursery and birthing centers of two affiliated Midwestern hospitals in the United States participated in the study. Face to face, semi-structured individual interviews were conducted and data were analyzed using a qualitative approach to discover patterns and themes. Two themes emerged that reflected the lived experiences of the night shift nurses: (1) Living by night, sleeping by day: The masquerade, and (2) Relationships and family lives: A kaleidoscope. Two additional themes were identified to describe the adaptive strategies of the night shift nurses: (3) A ‘just do it’ attitude and (4) Occupational strategies for nightlife. Findings of the study suggest that the temporal challenges and demands of night shift disrupt occupational patterns and routines, which are strongly influenced by the diurnal nature of humans. Many of the night shift nurses made sacrifices in order to fulfill their life-roles and re-establish meaningful occupational routines. As they struggled to adjust, many also experienced feelings of guilt, as if they were wasting their day sleeping. The process of temporal adaptation to night shift is complex and continuous and affects all domains of the night shifter's life.",
author = "Gallew, {Heather A.} and Keli Mu",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1080/14427591.2004.9686528",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "23--30",
journal = "Journal of Occupational Science",
issn = "1442-7591",
publisher = "University of South Australia",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An occupational look at temporal adaptation

T2 - Night shift nurses

AU - Gallew, Heather A.

AU - Mu, Keli

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - This phenomenological study describes the lived-experience of night shift and the adaptive strategies used by night shift nurses. Eleven female night shift nurses working in the nursery and birthing centers of two affiliated Midwestern hospitals in the United States participated in the study. Face to face, semi-structured individual interviews were conducted and data were analyzed using a qualitative approach to discover patterns and themes. Two themes emerged that reflected the lived experiences of the night shift nurses: (1) Living by night, sleeping by day: The masquerade, and (2) Relationships and family lives: A kaleidoscope. Two additional themes were identified to describe the adaptive strategies of the night shift nurses: (3) A ‘just do it’ attitude and (4) Occupational strategies for nightlife. Findings of the study suggest that the temporal challenges and demands of night shift disrupt occupational patterns and routines, which are strongly influenced by the diurnal nature of humans. Many of the night shift nurses made sacrifices in order to fulfill their life-roles and re-establish meaningful occupational routines. As they struggled to adjust, many also experienced feelings of guilt, as if they were wasting their day sleeping. The process of temporal adaptation to night shift is complex and continuous and affects all domains of the night shifter's life.

AB - This phenomenological study describes the lived-experience of night shift and the adaptive strategies used by night shift nurses. Eleven female night shift nurses working in the nursery and birthing centers of two affiliated Midwestern hospitals in the United States participated in the study. Face to face, semi-structured individual interviews were conducted and data were analyzed using a qualitative approach to discover patterns and themes. Two themes emerged that reflected the lived experiences of the night shift nurses: (1) Living by night, sleeping by day: The masquerade, and (2) Relationships and family lives: A kaleidoscope. Two additional themes were identified to describe the adaptive strategies of the night shift nurses: (3) A ‘just do it’ attitude and (4) Occupational strategies for nightlife. Findings of the study suggest that the temporal challenges and demands of night shift disrupt occupational patterns and routines, which are strongly influenced by the diurnal nature of humans. Many of the night shift nurses made sacrifices in order to fulfill their life-roles and re-establish meaningful occupational routines. As they struggled to adjust, many also experienced feelings of guilt, as if they were wasting their day sleeping. The process of temporal adaptation to night shift is complex and continuous and affects all domains of the night shifter's life.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85008851331&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85008851331&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/14427591.2004.9686528

DO - 10.1080/14427591.2004.9686528

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 23

EP - 30

JO - Journal of Occupational Science

JF - Journal of Occupational Science

SN - 1442-7591

IS - 1

ER -