Arcuate foramen: Prevalence by age, gender, and degree of calcification

Robert A. Cederberg, Byron W. Benson, Martha E. Nunn, Jeryl D. English

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of calcification of the oblique atlanto-occipital ligaments (OAOLs, arcuate ligaments) relative to gender, age, and degree of calcification. Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 255 subjects presenting for orthodontic evaluation were reviewed. Population size was determined by power analysis. Two calibrated raters reviewed the films and classified the degree of calcification using a standardized rating scale. Class 1 ligaments demonstrated no calcification, Class 2 ligaments were less than half calcified, Class 3 ligaments were at least half calcified, and Class 4 ligaments were completely calcified. Of the subjects, 158 were Class 1 (62%), 70 were Class 2 (20%), 18 were Class 3 (7%), and 29 were Class 4 (11%). There was no evidence that the degree of ligamentous calcification of the arcuate ligaments differed by gender (p>0.10) or age (p=0.8891). This suggests that the anomaly is congenital in origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalOrthodontics and Craniofacial Research
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ligaments
Cephalometry
Population Density
Orthodontics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Arcuate foramen : Prevalence by age, gender, and degree of calcification. / Cederberg, Robert A.; Benson, Byron W.; Nunn, Martha E.; English, Jeryl D.

In: Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2000, p. 162-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cederberg, Robert A. ; Benson, Byron W. ; Nunn, Martha E. ; English, Jeryl D. / Arcuate foramen : Prevalence by age, gender, and degree of calcification. In: Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research. 2000 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 162-167.
@article{848b5dcccd244a96afb00f4fb8633dc7,
title = "Arcuate foramen: Prevalence by age, gender, and degree of calcification",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of calcification of the oblique atlanto-occipital ligaments (OAOLs, arcuate ligaments) relative to gender, age, and degree of calcification. Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 255 subjects presenting for orthodontic evaluation were reviewed. Population size was determined by power analysis. Two calibrated raters reviewed the films and classified the degree of calcification using a standardized rating scale. Class 1 ligaments demonstrated no calcification, Class 2 ligaments were less than half calcified, Class 3 ligaments were at least half calcified, and Class 4 ligaments were completely calcified. Of the subjects, 158 were Class 1 (62{\%}), 70 were Class 2 (20{\%}), 18 were Class 3 (7{\%}), and 29 were Class 4 (11{\%}). There was no evidence that the degree of ligamentous calcification of the arcuate ligaments differed by gender (p>0.10) or age (p=0.8891). This suggests that the anomaly is congenital in origin.",
author = "Cederberg, {Robert A.} and Benson, {Byron W.} and Nunn, {Martha E.} and English, {Jeryl D.}",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1034/j.1600-0544.2000.30309.x",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "162--167",
journal = "Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research",
issn = "1601-6335",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Arcuate foramen

T2 - Prevalence by age, gender, and degree of calcification

AU - Cederberg, Robert A.

AU - Benson, Byron W.

AU - Nunn, Martha E.

AU - English, Jeryl D.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of calcification of the oblique atlanto-occipital ligaments (OAOLs, arcuate ligaments) relative to gender, age, and degree of calcification. Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 255 subjects presenting for orthodontic evaluation were reviewed. Population size was determined by power analysis. Two calibrated raters reviewed the films and classified the degree of calcification using a standardized rating scale. Class 1 ligaments demonstrated no calcification, Class 2 ligaments were less than half calcified, Class 3 ligaments were at least half calcified, and Class 4 ligaments were completely calcified. Of the subjects, 158 were Class 1 (62%), 70 were Class 2 (20%), 18 were Class 3 (7%), and 29 were Class 4 (11%). There was no evidence that the degree of ligamentous calcification of the arcuate ligaments differed by gender (p>0.10) or age (p=0.8891). This suggests that the anomaly is congenital in origin.

AB - The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of calcification of the oblique atlanto-occipital ligaments (OAOLs, arcuate ligaments) relative to gender, age, and degree of calcification. Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 255 subjects presenting for orthodontic evaluation were reviewed. Population size was determined by power analysis. Two calibrated raters reviewed the films and classified the degree of calcification using a standardized rating scale. Class 1 ligaments demonstrated no calcification, Class 2 ligaments were less than half calcified, Class 3 ligaments were at least half calcified, and Class 4 ligaments were completely calcified. Of the subjects, 158 were Class 1 (62%), 70 were Class 2 (20%), 18 were Class 3 (7%), and 29 were Class 4 (11%). There was no evidence that the degree of ligamentous calcification of the arcuate ligaments differed by gender (p>0.10) or age (p=0.8891). This suggests that the anomaly is congenital in origin.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34447548282&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34447548282&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1034/j.1600-0544.2000.30309.x

DO - 10.1034/j.1600-0544.2000.30309.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34447548282

VL - 3

SP - 162

EP - 167

JO - Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research

JF - Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research

SN - 1601-6335

IS - 3

ER -