"Are two better than one?" the impact of years in head start on child outcomes, family environment, and reading at home

Shulamit Natan Ritblatt, Sarah Maury Brassert, Ronn Johnson, Francisco Gomez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


This study examined whether children attending Head Start for two years have better developmental outcomes than children attending for one year and whether their families enjoy a more positive family environment. Forty-five children were in the one-year duration group and 29 were in the two-years duration group. The Family Environment Scale (FES), the Child Development Inventory (CDI), and a demographic questionnaire were administered. Results indicated that children's scores on the CDI did not differ as a function of the length of participation in Head Start. However, families who participated for two years reported an increased intellectual-cultural orientation, and increased active recreational orientation. These families placed greater emphasis on organization, and read more times to their child during the week than families who participated in the program for only one year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-537
Number of pages13
JournalEarly Childhood Research Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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