Attention training normalises combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder effects on emotional Stroop performance using lexically matched word lists

Maya M. Khanna, Amy S. Badura Brack, Timothy J. McDermott, Alex Shepherd, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Daniel S. Pine, Yair Bar-Haim, Tony W. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined two groups of combat veterans, one with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (n = 27) and another without PTSD (n = 16), using an emotional Stroop task (EST) with word lists matched across a series of lexical variables (e.g. length, frequency, neighbourhood size, etc.). Participants with PTSD exhibited a strong EST effect (longer colour-naming latencies for combat-relevant words as compared to neutral words). Veterans without PTSD produced no such effect, t  .37. Participants with PTSD then completed eight sessions of attention training (Attention Control Training or Attention Bias Modification Training) with a dot-probe task utilising threatening and neutral faces. After training, participants—especially those undergoing Attention Control Training—no longer produced longer colour-naming latencies for combat-related words as compared to other words, indicating normalised attention allocation processes after treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCognition and Emotion
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 26 2015

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Veterans
Color
Stroop Test
Emotion
Stroop
Word Lists
Naming Latency
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Attention training normalises combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder effects on emotional Stroop performance using lexically matched word lists. / Khanna, Maya M.; Badura Brack, Amy S.; McDermott, Timothy J.; Shepherd, Alex; Heinrichs-Graham, Elizabeth; Pine, Daniel S.; Bar-Haim, Yair; Wilson, Tony W.

In: Cognition and Emotion, 26.08.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khanna, Maya M. ; Badura Brack, Amy S. ; McDermott, Timothy J. ; Shepherd, Alex ; Heinrichs-Graham, Elizabeth ; Pine, Daniel S. ; Bar-Haim, Yair ; Wilson, Tony W. / Attention training normalises combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder effects on emotional Stroop performance using lexically matched word lists. In: Cognition and Emotion. 2015.
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