Attribute dimensions that distinguish master and novice physical therapy clinicians in orthopedic settings

Gail Jensen, K. F. Shepard, J. Gwyer, L. M. Hack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to further investigate the work of master and novice clinicians within the practice setting. The sample consisted of three master clinicians and three novice clinicians practicing in orthopedic outpatient physical therapy settings in three different regions of the United States. Data collection by three researchers included observation of each clinician treating at least three patients, audiotaping of all treatment sessions, interviews with clinicians and patients, and a review of patient records. Analysis of the data within and across cases revealed five attribute dimensions that distinguished the master clinician from the novice clinician. One attribute dimension (ie, confidence in predicting patient outcomes) related to knowledge, and four attribute dimensions (ie, ability to control the environment, evaluation and use of patient illness and disease data, focus of verbal and nonverbal communication with patients, and importance of teaching to hands-on care) related to improvisational performance. Further investigations are needed to confirm these findings and add to the body of knowledge concerning the parameters of physical therapy that may affect the efficacy and quality of patient care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-722
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Therapy
Volume72
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Orthopedics
Therapeutics
Nonverbal Communication
Aptitude
Quality of Health Care
Patient Care
Teaching
Outpatients
Research Personnel
Observation
Interviews

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Attribute dimensions that distinguish master and novice physical therapy clinicians in orthopedic settings. / Jensen, Gail; Shepard, K. F.; Gwyer, J.; Hack, L. M.

In: Physical Therapy, Vol. 72, No. 10, 1992, p. 711-722.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jensen, Gail ; Shepard, K. F. ; Gwyer, J. ; Hack, L. M. / Attribute dimensions that distinguish master and novice physical therapy clinicians in orthopedic settings. In: Physical Therapy. 1992 ; Vol. 72, No. 10. pp. 711-722.
@article{06be6a9bca5945f5bb0c29d6c958256d,
title = "Attribute dimensions that distinguish master and novice physical therapy clinicians in orthopedic settings",
abstract = "The purpose of this qualitative case study was to further investigate the work of master and novice clinicians within the practice setting. The sample consisted of three master clinicians and three novice clinicians practicing in orthopedic outpatient physical therapy settings in three different regions of the United States. Data collection by three researchers included observation of each clinician treating at least three patients, audiotaping of all treatment sessions, interviews with clinicians and patients, and a review of patient records. Analysis of the data within and across cases revealed five attribute dimensions that distinguished the master clinician from the novice clinician. One attribute dimension (ie, confidence in predicting patient outcomes) related to knowledge, and four attribute dimensions (ie, ability to control the environment, evaluation and use of patient illness and disease data, focus of verbal and nonverbal communication with patients, and importance of teaching to hands-on care) related to improvisational performance. Further investigations are needed to confirm these findings and add to the body of knowledge concerning the parameters of physical therapy that may affect the efficacy and quality of patient care.",
author = "Gail Jensen and Shepard, {K. F.} and J. Gwyer and Hack, {L. M.}",
year = "1992",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "711--722",
journal = "Physical Therapy",
issn = "0031-9023",
publisher = "American Physical Therapy Association",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attribute dimensions that distinguish master and novice physical therapy clinicians in orthopedic settings

AU - Jensen, Gail

AU - Shepard, K. F.

AU - Gwyer, J.

AU - Hack, L. M.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - The purpose of this qualitative case study was to further investigate the work of master and novice clinicians within the practice setting. The sample consisted of three master clinicians and three novice clinicians practicing in orthopedic outpatient physical therapy settings in three different regions of the United States. Data collection by three researchers included observation of each clinician treating at least three patients, audiotaping of all treatment sessions, interviews with clinicians and patients, and a review of patient records. Analysis of the data within and across cases revealed five attribute dimensions that distinguished the master clinician from the novice clinician. One attribute dimension (ie, confidence in predicting patient outcomes) related to knowledge, and four attribute dimensions (ie, ability to control the environment, evaluation and use of patient illness and disease data, focus of verbal and nonverbal communication with patients, and importance of teaching to hands-on care) related to improvisational performance. Further investigations are needed to confirm these findings and add to the body of knowledge concerning the parameters of physical therapy that may affect the efficacy and quality of patient care.

AB - The purpose of this qualitative case study was to further investigate the work of master and novice clinicians within the practice setting. The sample consisted of three master clinicians and three novice clinicians practicing in orthopedic outpatient physical therapy settings in three different regions of the United States. Data collection by three researchers included observation of each clinician treating at least three patients, audiotaping of all treatment sessions, interviews with clinicians and patients, and a review of patient records. Analysis of the data within and across cases revealed five attribute dimensions that distinguished the master clinician from the novice clinician. One attribute dimension (ie, confidence in predicting patient outcomes) related to knowledge, and four attribute dimensions (ie, ability to control the environment, evaluation and use of patient illness and disease data, focus of verbal and nonverbal communication with patients, and importance of teaching to hands-on care) related to improvisational performance. Further investigations are needed to confirm these findings and add to the body of knowledge concerning the parameters of physical therapy that may affect the efficacy and quality of patient care.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026794634&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026794634&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 72

SP - 711

EP - 722

JO - Physical Therapy

JF - Physical Therapy

SN - 0031-9023

IS - 10

ER -