Azimuthal Harmonics in Small and Large Collision Systems at RHIC Top Energies

(STAR Collaboration)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The first (v1fluc), second (v2), and third (v3) harmonic coefficients of the azimuthal particle distribution at midrapidity are extracted for charged hadrons and studied as a function of transverse momentum (pT) and mean charged particle multiplicity density Nch in U+U (sNN=193 GeV), Au+Au, Cu+Au, Cu+Cu, d+Au, and p+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV with the STAR detector. For the same Nch, the v1fluc and v3 coefficients are observed to be independent of the collision system, while v2 exhibits such a scaling only when normalized by the initial-state eccentricity (μ2). The data also show that ln(v2/μ2) scales linearly with Nch-1/3. These measurements provide insight into initial-geometry fluctuations and the role of viscous hydrodynamic attenuation on vn from small to large collision systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number172301
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 30 2019

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harmonics
collisions
coefficients
eccentricity
transverse momentum
hadrons
energy
charged particles
attenuation
hydrodynamics
scaling
detectors
geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Azimuthal Harmonics in Small and Large Collision Systems at RHIC Top Energies. / (STAR Collaboration).

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 122, No. 17, 172301, 30.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The first (v1fluc), second (v2), and third (v3) harmonic coefficients of the azimuthal particle distribution at midrapidity are extracted for charged hadrons and studied as a function of transverse momentum (pT) and mean charged particle multiplicity density Nch in U+U (sNN=193 GeV), Au+Au, Cu+Au, Cu+Cu, d+Au, and p+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV with the STAR detector. For the same Nch, the v1fluc and v3 coefficients are observed to be independent of the collision system, while v2 exhibits such a scaling only when normalized by the initial-state eccentricity (μ2). The data also show that ln(v2/μ2) scales linearly with Nch-1/3. These measurements provide insight into initial-geometry fluctuations and the role of viscous hydrodynamic attenuation on vn from small to large collision systems.",
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AU - Agakishiev, G.

AU - Aggarwal, M. M.

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AU - Bairathi, V.

AU - Barish, K.

AU - Bassill, A. J.

AU - Behera, A.

AU - Bellwied, R.

AU - Bhasin, A.

AU - Bhati, A. K.

AU - Bielcik, J.

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AU - Bland, L. C.

AU - Bordyuzhin, I. G.

AU - Brandenburg, J. D.

AU - Brandin, A. V.

AU - Brown, D.

AU - Bryslawskyj, J.

AU - Bunzarov, I.

AU - Butterworth, J.

AU - Caines, H.

AU - Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, M.

AU - Cebra, D.

AU - Chakaberia, I.

AU - Chaloupka, P.

AU - Chan, B. K.

AU - Chang, F. H.

AU - Chang, Z.

AU - Chankova-Bunzarova, N.

AU - Chatterjee, A.

AU - Chattopadhyay, S.

AU - Chen, J. H.

AU - Chen, X.

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