Bivariate genome-wide linkage analysis for traits BMD and AAM

Effect of menopause on linkage signals

Zhi Xin Zhang, Shu Feng Lei, Fei Yan Deng, Feng Zhang, Yong Jun Liu, Robert R. Recker, Christopher J. Papasian, Hong Wen Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoporosis is an age-related systemic skeletal disease, characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD). Low BMD is closely associated with late age at menarche (AAM). Our previous bivariate genome-wide linkage analyses (GWLAs) between BMD and AAM identified two shared genomic regions in 2584 Caucasian females including both pre- and post-menopausal females. However, menopause often causes dramatic bone loss in post-menopausal females; this may introduce some confounding effects on the bivariate GWLA for BMD and AAM. To address the effect of menopause on the identification of genetic factors shared by BMD and AAM, we segregated the previously studied population of 2584 females into two separate subgroups consisting of 1462 pre-menopause subjects and 1122 post-menopausal subjects, and performed further bivariate GWLAs. The BMD was measured by Hologic Dual-energy X-ray (DXA) scanners (Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA, USA). Based on the genome-wide thresholds corrected for multiple testing, we found more significant genomic regions in the pre-menopausal group than in total group (including pre- and post-menopausal women), e.g., we found 4, 1, and 2 shared by spine BMD and AAM, femoral neck (FNK) BMD and AAM and ultra distal (UD) BMD and AAM, respectively. We did not found any significant linkage signals in the post-menopausal group. Importantly, the linkage signals at all significant regions were much stronger in pre-menopausal group than in the other groups: post-menopausal females and total females. For example, the linkage LOD score for FNK BMD and AAM is as high as 4.88 in pre-menopausal females, but only 0.24 and 0.31 in post-menopausal and total females, respectively. These results suggest that menopause introduces some noise signals into GWLAs when estimating the shared genetic factors by BMD and AAM. Therefore, it is very important to classify female subjects properly according to their menopause stage when performing such studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-20
Number of pages5
JournalMaturitas
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2009

Fingerprint

Menarche
Menopause
Bone Density
Minerals
Bone
Genes
Genome
Femur Neck
Premenopause
Osteoporosis
Noise
Spine
X-Rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Bivariate genome-wide linkage analysis for traits BMD and AAM : Effect of menopause on linkage signals. / Zhang, Zhi Xin; Lei, Shu Feng; Deng, Fei Yan; Zhang, Feng; Liu, Yong Jun; Recker, Robert R.; Papasian, Christopher J.; Deng, Hong Wen.

In: Maturitas, Vol. 62, No. 1, 20.01.2009, p. 16-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Zhi Xin ; Lei, Shu Feng ; Deng, Fei Yan ; Zhang, Feng ; Liu, Yong Jun ; Recker, Robert R. ; Papasian, Christopher J. ; Deng, Hong Wen. / Bivariate genome-wide linkage analysis for traits BMD and AAM : Effect of menopause on linkage signals. In: Maturitas. 2009 ; Vol. 62, No. 1. pp. 16-20.
@article{4485b42e51904c07ac5fa1854fcb5d89,
title = "Bivariate genome-wide linkage analysis for traits BMD and AAM: Effect of menopause on linkage signals",
abstract = "Osteoporosis is an age-related systemic skeletal disease, characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD). Low BMD is closely associated with late age at menarche (AAM). Our previous bivariate genome-wide linkage analyses (GWLAs) between BMD and AAM identified two shared genomic regions in 2584 Caucasian females including both pre- and post-menopausal females. However, menopause often causes dramatic bone loss in post-menopausal females; this may introduce some confounding effects on the bivariate GWLA for BMD and AAM. To address the effect of menopause on the identification of genetic factors shared by BMD and AAM, we segregated the previously studied population of 2584 females into two separate subgroups consisting of 1462 pre-menopause subjects and 1122 post-menopausal subjects, and performed further bivariate GWLAs. The BMD was measured by Hologic Dual-energy X-ray (DXA) scanners (Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA, USA). Based on the genome-wide thresholds corrected for multiple testing, we found more significant genomic regions in the pre-menopausal group than in total group (including pre- and post-menopausal women), e.g., we found 4, 1, and 2 shared by spine BMD and AAM, femoral neck (FNK) BMD and AAM and ultra distal (UD) BMD and AAM, respectively. We did not found any significant linkage signals in the post-menopausal group. Importantly, the linkage signals at all significant regions were much stronger in pre-menopausal group than in the other groups: post-menopausal females and total females. For example, the linkage LOD score for FNK BMD and AAM is as high as 4.88 in pre-menopausal females, but only 0.24 and 0.31 in post-menopausal and total females, respectively. These results suggest that menopause introduces some noise signals into GWLAs when estimating the shared genetic factors by BMD and AAM. Therefore, it is very important to classify female subjects properly according to their menopause stage when performing such studies.",
author = "Zhang, {Zhi Xin} and Lei, {Shu Feng} and Deng, {Fei Yan} and Feng Zhang and Liu, {Yong Jun} and Recker, {Robert R.} and Papasian, {Christopher J.} and Deng, {Hong Wen}",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1016/j.maturitas.2008.10.001",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "16--20",
journal = "Maturitas",
issn = "0378-5122",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bivariate genome-wide linkage analysis for traits BMD and AAM

T2 - Effect of menopause on linkage signals

AU - Zhang, Zhi Xin

AU - Lei, Shu Feng

AU - Deng, Fei Yan

AU - Zhang, Feng

AU - Liu, Yong Jun

AU - Recker, Robert R.

AU - Papasian, Christopher J.

AU - Deng, Hong Wen

PY - 2009/1/20

Y1 - 2009/1/20

N2 - Osteoporosis is an age-related systemic skeletal disease, characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD). Low BMD is closely associated with late age at menarche (AAM). Our previous bivariate genome-wide linkage analyses (GWLAs) between BMD and AAM identified two shared genomic regions in 2584 Caucasian females including both pre- and post-menopausal females. However, menopause often causes dramatic bone loss in post-menopausal females; this may introduce some confounding effects on the bivariate GWLA for BMD and AAM. To address the effect of menopause on the identification of genetic factors shared by BMD and AAM, we segregated the previously studied population of 2584 females into two separate subgroups consisting of 1462 pre-menopause subjects and 1122 post-menopausal subjects, and performed further bivariate GWLAs. The BMD was measured by Hologic Dual-energy X-ray (DXA) scanners (Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA, USA). Based on the genome-wide thresholds corrected for multiple testing, we found more significant genomic regions in the pre-menopausal group than in total group (including pre- and post-menopausal women), e.g., we found 4, 1, and 2 shared by spine BMD and AAM, femoral neck (FNK) BMD and AAM and ultra distal (UD) BMD and AAM, respectively. We did not found any significant linkage signals in the post-menopausal group. Importantly, the linkage signals at all significant regions were much stronger in pre-menopausal group than in the other groups: post-menopausal females and total females. For example, the linkage LOD score for FNK BMD and AAM is as high as 4.88 in pre-menopausal females, but only 0.24 and 0.31 in post-menopausal and total females, respectively. These results suggest that menopause introduces some noise signals into GWLAs when estimating the shared genetic factors by BMD and AAM. Therefore, it is very important to classify female subjects properly according to their menopause stage when performing such studies.

AB - Osteoporosis is an age-related systemic skeletal disease, characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD). Low BMD is closely associated with late age at menarche (AAM). Our previous bivariate genome-wide linkage analyses (GWLAs) between BMD and AAM identified two shared genomic regions in 2584 Caucasian females including both pre- and post-menopausal females. However, menopause often causes dramatic bone loss in post-menopausal females; this may introduce some confounding effects on the bivariate GWLA for BMD and AAM. To address the effect of menopause on the identification of genetic factors shared by BMD and AAM, we segregated the previously studied population of 2584 females into two separate subgroups consisting of 1462 pre-menopause subjects and 1122 post-menopausal subjects, and performed further bivariate GWLAs. The BMD was measured by Hologic Dual-energy X-ray (DXA) scanners (Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA, USA). Based on the genome-wide thresholds corrected for multiple testing, we found more significant genomic regions in the pre-menopausal group than in total group (including pre- and post-menopausal women), e.g., we found 4, 1, and 2 shared by spine BMD and AAM, femoral neck (FNK) BMD and AAM and ultra distal (UD) BMD and AAM, respectively. We did not found any significant linkage signals in the post-menopausal group. Importantly, the linkage signals at all significant regions were much stronger in pre-menopausal group than in the other groups: post-menopausal females and total females. For example, the linkage LOD score for FNK BMD and AAM is as high as 4.88 in pre-menopausal females, but only 0.24 and 0.31 in post-menopausal and total females, respectively. These results suggest that menopause introduces some noise signals into GWLAs when estimating the shared genetic factors by BMD and AAM. Therefore, it is very important to classify female subjects properly according to their menopause stage when performing such studies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=58849097501&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=58849097501&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.maturitas.2008.10.001

DO - 10.1016/j.maturitas.2008.10.001

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 16

EP - 20

JO - Maturitas

JF - Maturitas

SN - 0378-5122

IS - 1

ER -