Bone adaptation response to sham and bending stimuli in mice

M. P. Akhter, D. M. Cullen, R. R. Recker

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26 Scopus citations


This study presents inbred-strain-related differences in tibial bone adaptation response to low-force loading in four-point bending and sham (pad pressure) arrangements in mice. Our previous work in mice has shown that at relatively high but equal bending forces (9 N or a bending moment of 16.88 N-mm), C57BL/6J mice respond with significantly greater bone formation than C3H/HeJ mice. Because of high tibial strains, the majority of the bone response in our previous study was woven bone. In this, study, we reduced the loading forces to 5 N or a bending moment of 9.38 N-mm (to decrease the woven-bone formation response) and investigated inbred-strain-related bone adaptation differences resulting from bending and sham loading (reported here for the first time in C57BL/6J) in these mice. Twenty-four female mice within each inbred mouse strain (C3H/HeJ [C3H] and C57BL/6J [B6]) were randomly divided into the two loading groups (12 per group sham and bending, total of 48 mice). All of the external loading was done for 36 cycles at 2 Hz, 3 d/wk for 3 wk. The bone adaptation response at lower forces exhibited a pattern similar to that seen for the higher forces in the previous study, suggesting that the patterns of bone adaptation were inbred strain related and independent of bending force magnitude. The bending-related periosteal mineral apposition surface (pMS) and mineral apposition rate (MAR) were respectively 40% and 45% greater in B6 than in C3H. The cortical bone adaptation response to bending was greater when compared to sham or pad pressure for each inbred strain of mice, suggesting that the majority of the bone adaptation response was the result of bending stimulus and not local pressure from pad contact. In addition, regardless of loading arrangement (sham or bending), the bone adaptation response in C57BL/6J mice was greater than C3H/HeJ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-216
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Densitometry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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