Bone Gain in Young Adult Women

Robert R. Recker, K. Michael Davies, Sharilyn M. Hinders, Robert P. Heaney, Mary Ruth Stegman, Donald B. Kimmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

649 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective.—To test whether bone mass increases in healthy nonpregnant white women during early adult life after cessation of linear growth; and to test whether various self-chosen levels of physical activity and nutrient intake or use of oral contraceptives influences this increase in bone mass. Design.—Longitudinal prospective study of up to 5 years of 156 healthy college-aged women full-time students attending professional schools in universities in the Omaha, Neb, area. Setting.—University medical center. Participants.—A convenience sample of healthy women students from Omahaarea professional schools. Any candidate with an illness, condition, or medication (except oral contraceptives) thought to affect general health or bone mass was excluded. Interventions.—None. Outcome Measures.—Clinical and family histories of disease, particularly osteoporosis; oral contraceptive use; bone mineral densities of the spine, forearm, and total body by dual- and single-photon absorptiometry; estimates of nutrient intake by repeated 7-day diet diaries; and measures of physical activity using a physical activity monitor. Results.—The median gain in bone mass for the third decade of life, expressed as a percentage per decade, was 4.8% for the forearm, 5.9% for lumbar bone mineral content, 6.8% for lumbar bone mineral density, and 12.5% for total body bone mass (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2403-2408
Number of pages6
JournalJAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume268
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 1992

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Young Adult
Bone and Bones
Oral Contraceptives
Bone Density
Photon Absorptiometry
Exercise
Forearm
Students
Food
Osteoporosis
Longitudinal Studies
Spine
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies
Diet
Health
Growth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Recker, R. R., Davies, K. M., Hinders, S. M., Heaney, R. P., Stegman, M. R., & Kimmel, D. B. (1992). Bone Gain in Young Adult Women. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 268(17), 2403-2408. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1992.03490170075028

Bone Gain in Young Adult Women. / Recker, Robert R.; Davies, K. Michael; Hinders, Sharilyn M.; Heaney, Robert P.; Stegman, Mary Ruth; Kimmel, Donald B.

In: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 268, No. 17, 04.11.1992, p. 2403-2408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Recker, RR, Davies, KM, Hinders, SM, Heaney, RP, Stegman, MR & Kimmel, DB 1992, 'Bone Gain in Young Adult Women', JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 268, no. 17, pp. 2403-2408. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1992.03490170075028
Recker RR, Davies KM, Hinders SM, Heaney RP, Stegman MR, Kimmel DB. Bone Gain in Young Adult Women. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association. 1992 Nov 4;268(17):2403-2408. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1992.03490170075028
Recker, Robert R. ; Davies, K. Michael ; Hinders, Sharilyn M. ; Heaney, Robert P. ; Stegman, Mary Ruth ; Kimmel, Donald B. / Bone Gain in Young Adult Women. In: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association. 1992 ; Vol. 268, No. 17. pp. 2403-2408.
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