The effect of ADP and phosphorylation upon the actin binding properties of heavy meromyosin was investigated using three fluorescence methods that monitor the number of heavy meromyosin heads that bind to pyrene-actin: (i) amplitudes of ATP-induced dissociation, (ii) amplitudes of ADP-induced dissociation of the pyrene-actin-heavy meromyosin complex, and (iii) amplitudes of the association of heavy meromyosin with pyrene-actin. Both heads bound to pyrene-actin, irrespective of regulatory light chain phosphorylation or the presence of ADP. This behavior was found for native regulated heavy meromyosin prepared by proteolytic digestion of chicken gizzard myosin with between 5 and 95% heavy chain cleavage at the actin-binding loop, showing that two-head binding is a property of heavy meromyosin with uncleaved heavy chains. These data are in contrast to a previous study using an uncleaved expressed preparation (Berger, C. E., Fagnant, P. M., Heizmann, S., Trybus, K. M., and Geeves, M. A. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 23240-23245), which showed that one head of the unphosphorylated heavy meromyosin-ADP complex bound to actin and that the partner head either did not bind or bound weakly. Possible explanations for the differences between the two studies are discussed. We have shown that unphosphorylated heavy meromyosin appears to adopt a special state in the presence of ADP based upon analysis of actin-heavy meromyosin association rate constants. Data were consistent with one head binding rapidly and the second head binding more slowly in the presence of ADP. Both heads bound to actin at the same rate for all other states.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology