Both high mobility group (HMG)-boxes and the acidic tail of HMGB1 regulate recombination-activating gene (RAG)-mediated recombination signal synapsis and cleavage in vitro

Serge Bergeron, Tina Madathiparambil, Patrick Swanson

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

RAG-1 and RAG-2 initiate V(D)J recombination through synapsis and cleavage of a 12/23 pair of V(D)J recombination signal sequences (RSS). RAG-RSS complex assembly and activity in vitro is promoted by high mobility group proteins of the "HMG-box" family, exemplified by HMGB1. How HMGB1 stimulates the DNA binding and cleavage activity of the RAG complex remains unclear. HMGB1 contains two homologous HMG-box DNA binding domains, termed A and B, linked by a stretch of basic residues to a highly acidic C-terminal tail. To identify determinants of HMGB1 required for stimulation of RAG-mediated RSS binding and cleavage, we prepared an extensive panel of mutant HMGB1 proteins and tested their ability to augment RAG-mediated RSS binding and cleavage activity. Using a combination of mobility shift and in-gel cleavage assays, we find that HMGB1 promotes RAG-mediated cleavage largely through the activity of box B, but optimal stimulation requires a functional A box tethered in the correct orientation. Box A or B mutants fail to promote RAG synaptic complex formation, but this defect is alleviated when the acidic tail is removed from these mutants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31314-31324
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2005

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HMGB1 Protein
Chromosome Pairing
Genetic Recombination
Genes
Protein Sorting Signals
V(D)J Recombination
High Mobility Group Proteins
RAG-1 Genes
In Vitro Techniques
DNA
DNA Cleavage
Mutant Proteins
Assays
Gels
Defects

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Both high mobility group (HMG)-boxes and the acidic tail of HMGB1 regulate recombination-activating gene (RAG)-mediated recombination signal synapsis and cleavage in vitro",
abstract = "RAG-1 and RAG-2 initiate V(D)J recombination through synapsis and cleavage of a 12/23 pair of V(D)J recombination signal sequences (RSS). RAG-RSS complex assembly and activity in vitro is promoted by high mobility group proteins of the {"}HMG-box{"} family, exemplified by HMGB1. How HMGB1 stimulates the DNA binding and cleavage activity of the RAG complex remains unclear. HMGB1 contains two homologous HMG-box DNA binding domains, termed A and B, linked by a stretch of basic residues to a highly acidic C-terminal tail. To identify determinants of HMGB1 required for stimulation of RAG-mediated RSS binding and cleavage, we prepared an extensive panel of mutant HMGB1 proteins and tested their ability to augment RAG-mediated RSS binding and cleavage activity. Using a combination of mobility shift and in-gel cleavage assays, we find that HMGB1 promotes RAG-mediated cleavage largely through the activity of box B, but optimal stimulation requires a functional A box tethered in the correct orientation. Box A or B mutants fail to promote RAG synaptic complex formation, but this defect is alleviated when the acidic tail is removed from these mutants.",
author = "Serge Bergeron and Tina Madathiparambil and Patrick Swanson",
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N2 - RAG-1 and RAG-2 initiate V(D)J recombination through synapsis and cleavage of a 12/23 pair of V(D)J recombination signal sequences (RSS). RAG-RSS complex assembly and activity in vitro is promoted by high mobility group proteins of the "HMG-box" family, exemplified by HMGB1. How HMGB1 stimulates the DNA binding and cleavage activity of the RAG complex remains unclear. HMGB1 contains two homologous HMG-box DNA binding domains, termed A and B, linked by a stretch of basic residues to a highly acidic C-terminal tail. To identify determinants of HMGB1 required for stimulation of RAG-mediated RSS binding and cleavage, we prepared an extensive panel of mutant HMGB1 proteins and tested their ability to augment RAG-mediated RSS binding and cleavage activity. Using a combination of mobility shift and in-gel cleavage assays, we find that HMGB1 promotes RAG-mediated cleavage largely through the activity of box B, but optimal stimulation requires a functional A box tethered in the correct orientation. Box A or B mutants fail to promote RAG synaptic complex formation, but this defect is alleviated when the acidic tail is removed from these mutants.

AB - RAG-1 and RAG-2 initiate V(D)J recombination through synapsis and cleavage of a 12/23 pair of V(D)J recombination signal sequences (RSS). RAG-RSS complex assembly and activity in vitro is promoted by high mobility group proteins of the "HMG-box" family, exemplified by HMGB1. How HMGB1 stimulates the DNA binding and cleavage activity of the RAG complex remains unclear. HMGB1 contains two homologous HMG-box DNA binding domains, termed A and B, linked by a stretch of basic residues to a highly acidic C-terminal tail. To identify determinants of HMGB1 required for stimulation of RAG-mediated RSS binding and cleavage, we prepared an extensive panel of mutant HMGB1 proteins and tested their ability to augment RAG-mediated RSS binding and cleavage activity. Using a combination of mobility shift and in-gel cleavage assays, we find that HMGB1 promotes RAG-mediated cleavage largely through the activity of box B, but optimal stimulation requires a functional A box tethered in the correct orientation. Box A or B mutants fail to promote RAG synaptic complex formation, but this defect is alleviated when the acidic tail is removed from these mutants.

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