Strong inter- and intrafamilial variation of penetrance of breast and ovarian cancer is observed in BRCA1 mutation carriers. The wild-type copy of the BRCA1 gene is a plausible candidate as a cancer risk modifier given that the residual function corresponding to the intact BRCA1 allele may influence the process of tumor formation in BRCA1 carriers. Indeed, growing evidence is now becoming available on impaired reparation of double-strand DNA breaks in cells heterozygous for BRCA1 mutations, implying an enhanced mutability of BRCA1+/- cells. To determine whether certain variant forms of the wild-type BRCA1 allele are implicated in variation of the BRCA1-related cancer risk, their effect was studied in a panel of 591 women with BRCA1 germline mutations. We found that BRCA1 carriers with the wild-type BRCA1 copy bearing a common Gly1038 variant were at increased risk of ovarian cancer (hazards ratio, 1.50; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-2.19). The results of our study imply that a quite significant proportion of the interindividual variability in ovarian cancer penetrance in BRCA1 carriers may be explained by a common BRCA1 Gly1038 wild-type allele, given its high frequency (0.27).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2003|
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