Building up a weaker network

The effect of intermediate range glass structure on liquid fragility

David L. Sidebottom, T. D. Tran, S. E. Schnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Classical considerations of the stability of amorphous networks have sensibly concluded that a network should weaken when mechanical constraints are removed. In covalently-bonded glass networks, this weakening is evidenced by the "fragility" and, in many cases, the fragility increases as the density of covalent bonds decreases. However, covalent glasses that possess substantial intermediate range order (IRO) exhibit an increase of fragility with increasing bond density - a paradoxical weakening in spite of the addition of reinforcing constraints. Here we resolve this paradox by suggesting that such IRO-containing networks require a renormalization. A coarse-graining of IRO structural units is proposed that permits a network to effectively weaken despite increases in the overall density of bonds. Through this coarse-graining approach, we demonstrate the emergence of a universal dependence of fragility on network connectivity that is well obeyed by more than 75 distinct network-forming glasses including chalcogenides, borates, germanates, phosphates and aluminophosphates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-20
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume402
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2014

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Glass
glass
Liquids
liquids
Chalcogenides
Borates
Covalent bonds
Phosphates
germanates
chalcogenides
covalent bonds
paradoxes
borates
phosphates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Building up a weaker network : The effect of intermediate range glass structure on liquid fragility. / Sidebottom, David L.; Tran, T. D.; Schnell, S. E.

In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 402, 15.10.2014, p. 16-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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