Calcium and Weight: Clinical Studies

Robert P. Heaney, K. Michael Davies, M. Janet Barger-Lux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

176 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Data from six observational studies and three controlled trials in which calcium intake was the independent variable (and either bone mass or blood pressure the original outcome variable) have been reanalyzed to evaluate the effect of calcium intake on body weight and body fat. Analysis reveals a consistent effect of higher calcium intakes, expressed as lower body fat and/or body weight, and reduced weight gain at midlife. Similarly, studies relating nutrient intake to body composition report negative associations between calcium intake and body weight at midlife and between calcium and body fat accumulation during childhood. There is a fairly consistent effect size, with each 300 mg increment in regular calcium intake associated with ∼1 kg less body fat in children and 2.5-3.0 kg lower body weight in adults. Taken together these data suggest that increasing calcium intake by the equivalent of two dairy servings per day could reduce the risk of overweight substantially, perhaps by as much as 70 percent.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American College of Nutrition
Volume21
Issue number2 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Apr 2002

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clinical trials
Calcium
calcium
Weights and Measures
body fat
Adipose Tissue
Body Weight
body weight
observational studies
Clinical Studies
Body Composition
childhood
nutrient intake
Weight Gain
blood pressure
body composition
Observational Studies
dairies
weight gain
bones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Heaney, R. P., Davies, K. M., & Barger-Lux, M. J. (2002). Calcium and Weight: Clinical Studies. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 21(2 SUPPL.).

Calcium and Weight : Clinical Studies. / Heaney, Robert P.; Davies, K. Michael; Barger-Lux, M. Janet.

In: Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 21, No. 2 SUPPL., 04.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heaney, RP, Davies, KM & Barger-Lux, MJ 2002, 'Calcium and Weight: Clinical Studies', Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 2 SUPPL..
Heaney RP, Davies KM, Barger-Lux MJ. Calcium and Weight: Clinical Studies. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2002 Apr;21(2 SUPPL.).
Heaney, Robert P. ; Davies, K. Michael ; Barger-Lux, M. Janet. / Calcium and Weight : Clinical Studies. In: Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2002 ; Vol. 21, No. 2 SUPPL.
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