Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity, mortality and financial burden to the United States health system. A change in focus towards preventive medicine along with advances in pharmacologic and invasive therapies, has led to improved cardiac death rates. These benefits however, come with increased prevalence of heart failure and soaring readmission rates. Reducing burden of hospitalizations has therefore, been a focus of clinicians and researchers over the years. An improvement in clinical outcomes has been demonstrated in multiple trials investigating HF therapies, however, execution of guideline recommendations has been trailing. Over the past decade, 2 classes of hypoglycemic agents, the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been recognized for their cardiovascular morbidity and mortality benefits. Studies have shown that there has been a steady increase in prescription rates of these medications, however, overall usage remains quite low. Various patient, physician and system-based factors have been identified that cause barriers to translation of trial data to real-world clinical outcomes. A strategy focused on physician and patient education, quality improvement, multi-disciplinary team approach, and patient centered care is essential to meet treatment goals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine