Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Workforce: A Critical Shortage and National Challenge

Wun Jung Kim, Donald Bechtold, Beth Ann Brooks, Norbert Enzer, Paramjit Joshi, Carolyn King, Carolyn Robinowitz, Dorothy Stubbe, Eva Szigethy, Peter Tanguay, Kayla Pope, Mary Crosby, Virginia Anthony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

144 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the decades-long projection of an increasing utilization of child and adolescent psychiatry services and an undersupply of child and adolescent psychiatrists, the actual growth and supply of child and adolescent psychiatrists have been very slow. Inadequate support in academic institutions, decreasing graduate medical education (GME) funding, decreasing clinical revenues in the managed care environment, and a devalued image of the profession have made academic child and adolescent psychiatry programs struggle for recruitment of both residents and faculty, although child and adolescent psychiatry has made impressive progress in its scientific knowledge base through research, especially in neuroscience and developmental science. While millions of young people suffer from severe mental illnesses, there are only about 6,300 child and adolescent psychiatrists practicing in the United States. There is also a severe maldistribution of child and adolescent psychiatrists, especially in rural and poor, urban areas where access is significantly reduced. By any method of workforce analysis, it is evident that there will continue to be a shortage of child and adolescent psychiatrists well into the future. Medical/psychiatric educators have a mission to encourage medical students and general psychiatry residents to enter child and adolescent psychiatry and provide crucial mental health care and health care advocacy for our country's youngest and most vulnerable citizens. This article stems from the work of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Task Force on Work Force Needs, which led to its 10-year recruitment initiative.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalAcademic Psychiatry
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003

Fingerprint

Adolescent Psychiatry
Child Psychiatry
psychiatry
shortage
Psychiatry
adolescent
psychiatrist
Delivery of Health Care
Graduate Medical Education
Knowledge Bases
Managed Care Programs
Advisory Committees
Neurosciences
Medical Students
health care
resident
Mental Health
work force
neurosciences
managed care

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Kim, W. J., Bechtold, D., Brooks, B. A., Enzer, N., Joshi, P., King, C., ... Anthony, V. (2003). Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Workforce: A Critical Shortage and National Challenge. Academic Psychiatry, 27(4), 277-282. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ap.27.4.277

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Workforce : A Critical Shortage and National Challenge. / Kim, Wun Jung; Bechtold, Donald; Brooks, Beth Ann; Enzer, Norbert; Joshi, Paramjit; King, Carolyn; Robinowitz, Carolyn; Stubbe, Dorothy; Szigethy, Eva; Tanguay, Peter; Pope, Kayla; Crosby, Mary; Anthony, Virginia.

In: Academic Psychiatry, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.12.2003, p. 277-282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, WJ, Bechtold, D, Brooks, BA, Enzer, N, Joshi, P, King, C, Robinowitz, C, Stubbe, D, Szigethy, E, Tanguay, P, Pope, K, Crosby, M & Anthony, V 2003, 'Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Workforce: A Critical Shortage and National Challenge', Academic Psychiatry, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 277-282. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ap.27.4.277
Kim, Wun Jung ; Bechtold, Donald ; Brooks, Beth Ann ; Enzer, Norbert ; Joshi, Paramjit ; King, Carolyn ; Robinowitz, Carolyn ; Stubbe, Dorothy ; Szigethy, Eva ; Tanguay, Peter ; Pope, Kayla ; Crosby, Mary ; Anthony, Virginia. / Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Workforce : A Critical Shortage and National Challenge. In: Academic Psychiatry. 2003 ; Vol. 27, No. 4. pp. 277-282.
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