Clinical efficacy of gastric per-oral endoscopic myotomy (G-POEM) in the treatment of refractory gastroparesis and predictors of outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis using surgical pyloroplasty as a comparator group

Babu P. Mohan, Saurabh Chandan, Lokesh K. Jha, Shahab R. Khan, Rajesh Kotagiri, Lena L. Kassab, Naveen P.G. Ravikumar, Neil Bhogal, Ojasvini C. Chandan, Ishfaq Bhat, Alexander T. Hewlett, Jeremie Jacques, Suresh Ponnada, Ravishankar Asokkumar, Douglas G. Adler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: Gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy (G-POEM) is a novel minimally invasive technique in endosurgery. Data is limited as to its efficacy, safety, and predictive factors. We conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the clinical outcomes of G-POEM and used the outcomes of surgical pyloroplasty as a comparator group in the treatment of refractory gastroparesis. Methods: We searched multiple databases from inception through March 2019 to identify studies that reported on G-POEM and pyloroplasty in gastroparesis. Our primary outcome was to analyze and compare the pooled rates of clinical success, in terms of Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI) score and 4-h gastric emptying study (GES) results, with G-POEM and pyloroplasty. Results: Three hundred and thirty-two and 375 patients underwent G-POEM (11 studies) and surgical pyloroplasty (seven studies), respectively. The pooled rate of clinical success, based on the GCSI score, with G-POEM was 75.8% (95% CI 68.1–82.1, I2 = 50) and with surgical pyloroplasty was 77.3% (95% CI 66.4–85.4, I2 = 0), with no significance, p = 0.81. The pooled rate of clinical success, based on the 4-hour GES results, with G-POEM was 85.1% (95% CI 68.9–93.7, I2 = 74) and with surgical pyloroplasty was 84% (95% CI 64.4–93.8, I2 = 81), with no significance, p = 0.91. The overall adverse events were comparable. Based on meta-regression analysis, idiopathic gastroparesis, prior treatment with botulinum toxin and gastric stimulator seemed to predict clinical success with G-POEM. Conclusion: G-POEM demonstrates clinical success in treating refractory gastroparesis. Idiopathic gastroparesis, prior treatment with botulinum injections and gastric stimulator appear to have positive predictive effects on the 4-h GES results after G-POEM. Outcomes seem comparable to surgical pyloroplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3352-3367
Number of pages16
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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