Clinical Features and Treatment of Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans Affecting the Vulva

A Literature Review

Austin H. Nguyen, Shannon Q. Detty, Maria I. Gonzaga, Christopher Huerter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-to-intermediate grade cutaneous neoplasm with a low propensity for metastasis and a high rate of local recurrence. It typically presents as a dermal plaque or nodule on the trunk, limbs, or head and neck region. Vulvar DFSP has also been described, although it is less common. OBJECTIVE To review the available literature and discuss the clinical course of DFSP affecting the vulva. MATERIALS AND METHODS We reviewed the existing English-language literature on DFSP of the vulva with respect to clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS Thirty three case reports and series were included (n = 54 patients). Vulvar DFSP most commonly presents as a slowly enlarging tender or asymptomatic mass on the labia majora, with histological findings of classic DFSP. Most patients were treated with wide local excision. Three patients were treated with Mohs micrographic surgery, which may decrease local recurrence and seems well suited for use in vulvar DFSP. CONCLUSION This literature review comprehensively reviews and describes the clinical presentation of vulvar DFSP and the treatment options for this rare vulvar neoplasm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-774
Number of pages4
JournalDermatologic Surgery
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Fingerprint

Dermatofibrosarcoma
Vulva
Therapeutics
Mohs Surgery
Vulvar Neoplasms
Recurrence
Skin Neoplasms
Neck
Language
Extremities
Head
Neoplasm Metastasis
Skin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

Cite this

Clinical Features and Treatment of Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans Affecting the Vulva : A Literature Review. / Nguyen, Austin H.; Detty, Shannon Q.; Gonzaga, Maria I.; Huerter, Christopher.

In: Dermatologic Surgery, Vol. 43, No. 6, 01.06.2017, p. 771-774.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Nguyen, Austin H. ; Detty, Shannon Q. ; Gonzaga, Maria I. ; Huerter, Christopher. / Clinical Features and Treatment of Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans Affecting the Vulva : A Literature Review. In: Dermatologic Surgery. 2017 ; Vol. 43, No. 6. pp. 771-774.
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AU - Huerter, Christopher

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N2 - BACKGROUND Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-to-intermediate grade cutaneous neoplasm with a low propensity for metastasis and a high rate of local recurrence. It typically presents as a dermal plaque or nodule on the trunk, limbs, or head and neck region. Vulvar DFSP has also been described, although it is less common. OBJECTIVE To review the available literature and discuss the clinical course of DFSP affecting the vulva. MATERIALS AND METHODS We reviewed the existing English-language literature on DFSP of the vulva with respect to clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS Thirty three case reports and series were included (n = 54 patients). Vulvar DFSP most commonly presents as a slowly enlarging tender or asymptomatic mass on the labia majora, with histological findings of classic DFSP. Most patients were treated with wide local excision. Three patients were treated with Mohs micrographic surgery, which may decrease local recurrence and seems well suited for use in vulvar DFSP. CONCLUSION This literature review comprehensively reviews and describes the clinical presentation of vulvar DFSP and the treatment options for this rare vulvar neoplasm.

AB - BACKGROUND Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-to-intermediate grade cutaneous neoplasm with a low propensity for metastasis and a high rate of local recurrence. It typically presents as a dermal plaque or nodule on the trunk, limbs, or head and neck region. Vulvar DFSP has also been described, although it is less common. OBJECTIVE To review the available literature and discuss the clinical course of DFSP affecting the vulva. MATERIALS AND METHODS We reviewed the existing English-language literature on DFSP of the vulva with respect to clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS Thirty three case reports and series were included (n = 54 patients). Vulvar DFSP most commonly presents as a slowly enlarging tender or asymptomatic mass on the labia majora, with histological findings of classic DFSP. Most patients were treated with wide local excision. Three patients were treated with Mohs micrographic surgery, which may decrease local recurrence and seems well suited for use in vulvar DFSP. CONCLUSION This literature review comprehensively reviews and describes the clinical presentation of vulvar DFSP and the treatment options for this rare vulvar neoplasm.

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