This investigation evaluated the bioequivalence and efficacy of two sustained-release procainamide products. Ten patients with cardiac arrhythmias were randomized to product A (Procan-SR) or product B (Pronestyl-SR). After nine doses of study medication, plasma procainamide and N-acetylprocainamide concentrations were obtained to determine the area under the concentration versus time curve at steady state (AUC(ss)), mean plasma concentration (C(ss)(av)), the observed peak plasma concentration (C(ss)(max)), the observed trough plasma concentration (C(ss)(min)), and the apparent time to achieve C(ss)(max)(t(max)). The products were compared on a milligram-equivalent (adjusted) basis. Following completion of blood sampling, patients were crossed-over to the alternate product. There was no washout between treatments. After nine doses of the alternate test medications, blood sampling was repeated. Differences in AUC(ss), C(ss)(av), C(ss)(max), t(max), and intradose peak/trough ratios were not statistically significant. Within-group variability in AUC(ss), C(ss)(av) C(ss)(max), and t(max) was greater with product B, but this trend did not reach statistical significance. Antiarrhythmic efficacy was not significantly different between the two treatments. Although the greater bioequivalence, lesser variability, and the greater number of tablet dosage sizes would favor product A, patients stabilized on a particular brand of sustained-release procainamide should not be switched to another product without careful monitoring. One patient in this study developed nonsustained ventricular tachycardia with low procainamide plasma concentrations after being switched from product A to product B.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Pharmacology (medical)