We investigated the pharmacological actions of a slow-releasing H2S donor, GYY 4137; a substrate for the biosynthesis of H2S, l-cysteine and its precursor, N-acetylcysteine on potassium (K+; 50 mM)-evoked [3H]D-aspartate release from bovine isolated retinae using the Superfusion Method. GYY 4137 (10 nM–10 µM), l-cysteine (100 nM–10 µM) and N-acetylcysteine (10 µM–1 mM) elicited a concentration-dependent decrease in K+-evoked [3H]D-aspartate release from isolated bovine retinae without affecting basal tritium efflux. At equimolar concentration of 10 µM, the rank order of activity was as follows: l-cysteine > GYY 4137 > N-acetylcysteine. A dual inhibitor of the biosynthetic enzymes for H2S, cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE), amino-oxyacetic acid (AOA; 3 mM) reversed the inhibitory responses caused by GYY 4137, l-cysteine and N-acetylcysteine on K+-evoked [3H]D-aspartate release. Glibenclamide (300 µM), an inhibitor of KATP channels blocked the inhibitory action of GYY 4137 and l-cysteine but not that elicited by N-acetylcysteine on K+-induced [3H]D-aspartate release. The inhibitory effect of GYY 4137 and l-cysteine on K+-evoked [3H]D-aspartate release was reversed by the non-specific inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), l-NAME (300 µM). Furthermore, a specific inhibitor of inducible NOS (iNOS), aminoguanidine (10 µM) blocked the inhibitory action of l-cysteine on K+-evoked [3H]D-aspartate release. We conclude that both donors and substrates for H2S production can inhibit amino acid neurotransmission in bovine isolated retinae, an effect that is dependent, at least in part, upon the intramural biosynthesis of this gas, and on the activity of KATP channels and NO synthase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience