The periosteum contains osteogenic cells that regulate the outer shape of bone and contribute to determine its cortical thickness, size and position. We assessed the effects of subcutaneous injections of teriparatide (TPTD, 20μg/day) or oral strontium ranelate (SrR, 2g/day) in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis on new bone formation activity at the periosteal and endosteal bone surfaces using dynamic histomorphometric measurements. Evaluable tetracycline-labeled transiliac crest bone biopsies were analyzed from 27 patients in the TPTD group, and 22 in the SrR group after six months of treatment. Measurements were conducted on the thicker and thinner cortices separately, and comparisons between the thicker, thinner and combined cortices were carried out. At the combined periosteal cortex, the mineralization surface as a percent of bone surface (MS/BS%) was greater for TPTD (mean±SE: 8.08±1.22%) than SrR (3.22±1.05%) (p3/mm 2/year) and SrR (0.004plusmn;0.003 mm 3/mm 2/year) was not (p=0.057). Statistically significant differences between the two treatments were also observed for MS/BS%, BFR/BS, MAR and the double-labeled perimeter in the periosteum of the thicker, but not thinner, iliac crest cortices. The comparison between the thicker and thinner cortices of both periosteal and endosteal surfaces showed statistically significant differences for MAR and the double-labeled perimeter for TPTD treated women. There were no statistically significant differences in any bone formation dynamic measurements between the two cortices in the SrR group.In conclusion, most of the bone formation and mineralization variables were significantly higher for TPTD- than SrR-treated women at both the periosteal and endosteal combined cortices. The response to TPTD for dynamic bone formation measurements in the periosteal surface was greater for the thicker than thinner cortex, but this difference was not significant in SrR treated patients. This may reflect a greater ability of TPTD to enhance responsiveness of bone to the mechanical loading environment. These effects on bone formation may underlie the improvement in bone quality in patients with osteoporosis treated with TPTD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism