Comparison of the wear and flexural characteristics of flowable resin composites for posterior lesions

Natsu Sumino, Keishi Tsubota, Toshiki Takamizawa, Koji Shiratsuchi, Masashi Miyazaki, Mark A. Latta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Objectives. To determine the localized wear and flexural properties of flowable resin composites for posterior lesions compared with universal resin composites produced by the same manufacturers. Methods. Ten specimens of each of three flowable resins, G-ænial Universal Flo, G-ænial Flo and Clearfil Majesty Flow, and the corresponding resin composite materials, Kalore and Clearfil Majesty Esthetics, were prepared in custom fixtures and subjected to 400,000 wear machine cycles to simulate localized wear. The total maximum depth and volume loss of the wear facets was calculated for each specimen using a profilometer. A three-point bending test was performed to determine the flexural strength, modulus of elasticity and resilience. Values were statistically compared using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's Honestly Significant Difference (HSD) test. Results. The wear depth ranged from 58.3-126.9 m and the volumetric loss ranged from 0.019-0.049 mm, with significant differences observed between restorative materials. The wear depth of G-ænial Universal Flo was significantly smaller than those of the other resin composites tested. The flexural strengths and elastic modulus ranged from 90.5-135.1 MPa and from 4.7-7.6 GPa, respectively. A significantly greater flexural strength and higher elastic modulus was found for G-ænial Universal Flo than the other composites. Conclusions. The wear and mechanical properties of the flowable resin composites tested suggested improved performance compared with universal resin composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)820-827
Number of pages8
JournalActa Odontologica Scandinavica
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - May 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)


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