Considerations of management and marketing courses within pharmacy curricula in the United States

Nile M. Khanfar, Catherine A. Harrington, Naser Z. Alsharif, Adnan Warravat, Genevieve Hale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: To assess the extent pharmacy programs are offering courses in management and marketing. Methods: We sampled the extent of management and marketing coursework in the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curricula in the United States (US) by examining website descriptions of the best pharmacy schools in 2020 (N = 134) as ranked by the US News and World report. Links to curriculum descriptions and catalogs were reviewed for coursework having the words, marketing, management, entrepreneurship, or business plan in the title. Results: Of the 134 PharmD curricula reviewed, 36 (27%) had no required or elective management courses, and 101 (75%) had no required or elective marketing courses in their curriculum. Most schools did offer a core (n = 89) or elective (n = 9) management course. However, of those, about half (n = 46) provided only a single management course over the entire curriculum. Only 33 (25%) schools offered a marketing course, of which most (n = 27) were elective. Conclusions: Many pharmacy schools in the US are not providing pharmacy graduates with the business management and marketing education required for the role of a pharmacist. Pharmacy education should consider curriculum changes that equip pharmacy students with sufficient business knowledge and skills to be innovative and entrepreneurial in all practice settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1348-1352
Number of pages5
JournalCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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