Controlled-release oxycodone compared with controlled-release morphine in the treatment of cancer pain: A randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study

Patricia Mucci-LoRusso, Barry S. Berman, Peter T. Silberstein, Marc L. Citron, Linda Bressler, Sharon M. Weinstein, Robert F. Kaiko, Barbara J. Buckley, Robert F. Reder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

158 Scopus citations

Abstract

Controlled-release oral formulations of oxycodone and morphine are both suitable analgesics for moderate to severe pain. They were compared in cancer-pain patients randomized to double-blind treatment with controlled- release oxycodone (n = 48) or controlled-release morphine (n = 52) every 12 h for up to 12 days. Stable analgesia was achieved by 83% of controlled- release oxycodone and 81% of controlled-release morphine patients in 2 days (median). Following titration to stable analgesia, pain intensity (0=none to 3 =severe) decreased from baseline within each group (p ≤ 0.005), from 1.9 (0.1) to 1.3 (0.1), mean (SE), with controlled-release oxycodone, and from 1.6 (0.1) to 1.0 (0.1) with controlled-release morphine (no significant between-group differences). Typical opioid adverse experiences were reported in both groups. Hallucinations were reported only with controlled-release morphine (n=2). Visual analog scores (VAS) for 'itchy' and 'scratching' were lower with controlled-release oxycodone (p ≤ 0.044), as was peak-to-trough fluctuation in steady-state plasma concentration (p=0.004). The correlation between plasma concentration and dose was stronger (p=0.026) for oxycodone (0.7) than morphine (0.3). The relationship between pain intensity (VAS) and plasma concentration was more positive for oxycodone (p=0.046). There was a positive relationship between morphine-6-glucuronide concentrations and urea nitrogen and creatinine levels (p=0.0001). Controlled-release oxycodone was as effective as controlled-release morphine in relieving chronic cancer- related pain, and as easily titrated to the individual's need for pain control. While adverse experiences were similar, controlled-release oxycodone was associated with less itching and no hallucinations. Controlled-release oxycodone provides a rational alternative to controlled-release morphine for the management of moderate to severe cancer-related pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-249
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Pain
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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