The rate of deamidation of the Asn residue in Val- Tyr-Pro-Asn-Gly-Ala (VYPNGA), a model peptide, was determined at pH 9 (400 mM Tris buffer) as a function of temperature and peptide concentration. Over the temperature range 5-65°C, deamidation followed Arrhenius behavior, with an apparent activation energy of 13.3 kcal/mol. Furthermore, increasing the peptide concentration slows the rate of deamidation. Self-stabilization with respect to deamidation has not been reported previously. The rate of deamidation was also determined in the presence of sucrose and poloxamer 407 (Pluronic F127). In both cases, the rate of deamidation was retarded by up to 40% at 35°C. In aqueous solutions containing poloxamer 407, the degree of stabilization is independent of formation of a reversible thermosetting gel. With sucrose, maximum reduction in the deamidation rate was attained with as little as 5% (w/v). Addition of sucrose results in a greater conformational preference for a type II β-turn structure, which presumably is less prone to intramolecular cyclization and subsequent deamidation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science