Correlations between Esophageal Diseases and Manometric Length: A Study of 617 Patients

Ziad T. Awad, Patrice Watson, Charles Filipi, Robert E. Marsh, Tetsuya Tomonaga, Yutaka Shiino, Shivani Bhatia, William Boedefeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to measure the length of the esophagus and assess its relationship to sex, weight, age, height, and various esophageal disorders. A retrospective analysis was undertaken of 617 esophageal manometric studies, which included 51 normal control subjects (27 males and 24 females) and 566 patients (297 males and 269 females) with esophageal disorders (50 with achalasia, 6 with diffuse esophageal spasm, 64 with strictures, 38 with nutcracker esophagus, 398 with gastroesophageal reflux disease [GERD] with positive 24-hour pH monitoring, and 66 with possible GERD but negative 24-hour pH monitoring), Manometry was performed in all of them by the station pull-through technique. The length of the esophagus was defined as the distance between the proximal end of the upper esophageal sphincter and the distal end of the lower esophageal sphincter. In the control group the mean (± standard deviation) length of the esophagus was 28.3 ± 2.41 cm. In patients with esophageal disorders the mean length of the esophagus was 28.0 ± 2.87 cm. Length of the esophagus is related to height but not to weight, sex, age, diffuse esophageal spasm, or nutcracker esophagus. Achalasia is associated with a longer esophagus, and GERD is associated with a shorter esophagus. Stricture is associated with a shorter esophagus, but this is in part due to the association between stricture and GERD. Patients with possible GERD but negative 24-hour pH monitoring have an esophageal length similar to that of GERD patients with positive 24-hour pH monitoring. Patients with GERD and stricture formation showed esophageal shortening in shorter patients. Achalasia, GERD, and GERD with stricture formation influence esophageal length. GERD-related strictures shorten the esophagus more significantly in short patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-488
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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