Cross-national Differences in Computer-Use Ethics: A Nine-country Study

Michael E. Whitman, Anthony M. Townsend, Anthony R. Hendrickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


This study examines computer-use ethics among nine countries (Singapore, Hong Kong, United States, Great Britain, Australia, Sweden, Wales, and the Netherlands). Based on Paradice [1990], an instrument was developed containing three scales focusing on ethical attitudes toward software license infringement, use of virus programs, and misuse of corporate computing resources. Analysis indicates that there are significant differences in ethical values among nationalities for each of these scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)673-687
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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