The emphasis in treatment of asthma in children has shifted from bronchodilators to inhaled anti-inflammatory medications, including inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). Children with chronic asthma and moderate to severe symptoms have been targeted as particularly deserving of maintenance therapy with ICS. We have previously reported a cross-sectional study of bone density in children treated with ICS. There was no significant difference between the total bone density of asthmatic patients and controls. We sought to extend the information available on bone density in asthmatic children by evaluating 15 asthmatic subjects taking daily ICS (beclomethasone dipropionate) and comparing them with age- and sex-matched controls. We compared total and regional bone density, bone age, and calcium intakes in these subjects. Asthmatic subjects were on ICS for 4-60 months, with doses ranging from 200 to 450 micrograms/day. There was no significant difference between asthmatics and matched controls for height, weight, % RDA Ca2+, or bone age. The asthmatic subjects had bone density (total and regional measurements) equivalent to their controls. These results provide additional support for the safety of low-dose ICS on bone density in asthmatic children.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine