Vascular restenosis following coronary artery bypass graft can cause major clinical complications due to intimal hyperplasia in venous conduits. However, the precise underlying mechanisms of intimal hyperplasia are still unclear. We have recently reported that increased expression of connexin43 (Cx43) is involved in the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in human saphenous vein (SV). In this study, we investigated the signalling transduction pathway involved in Cx43 expression and SV SMC proliferation. Angiotensin-II (AT-II, 100 ng/ml) increased AT-II receptor 1 (AT-1R) protein expression and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) (100 ng/ml) up-regulated IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) protein expression in SV SMCs. Interestingly, AT-1R expression was also increased by IGF-1 treatment, and IGF-1R expression was increased by AT-II treatment, which was blocked by siRNA-IGF-1R and siRNA-AT-1R, respectively. Furthermore, the effect of AT-II and IGF-1 signal cross-talk i nducing up-regulation of their reciprocal receptors was blocked by siRNA against extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (Erk 1/2) in SMCs of SV. Moreover, AT-II and IGF-1-induced Cx43 expressionviaphosphorylation of Erk 1/2 and activation of transcription factor activator protein 1 (AP-1) through their reciprocal receptors in SV SMCs. These data demonstrate a cross-talk between IGF-1R and AT-1R in AT-II and IGF-1-induced Cx43 expression in SV SMCs involving Erk 1/2 and downstream activation of the AP-1 transcription factor.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Medicine