This study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of cibenzoline and quinidine in ambulatory patients with ventricular arrhythmias. Following washout of previous antiarrhythmic treatment, a 48-h ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) recording was obtained. Twenty-seven patients were screened, of whom 20 met the entry criteria of ≥ 30 ventricular premature beats (VPBs)/h. Cibenzoline was started at 130 mg every 12 h and was increased to 160 mg every 12 h if necessary. Quinidine was started at 300 mg every 6 h and was increased to 400 mg every 6 h if necessary. Treatment was assessed by 24-h ambulatory ECG recording. Efficacy was defined as > 75% reduction in single VPBs, > 90% reduction in paired VPBs, and total abolition of ventricular tachycardia events. A 7-day washout with repeat 24-h ambulatory ECG recording to document return of ventricular arrhythmias was required prior to crossover. Efficacy was documented in 9 of 20 (45%) patients receiving cibenzoline and in 9 of 20 (45%) patients receiving quinidine. Response to cibenzoline 130 mg every 12 h was documented in 8 of 20 (40%) patients and in 1 of 11 (9%) patients receiving cibenzoline 160 mg every 12 h. Response to quinidine 300 mg every 6 h was documented in 8 of 20 (40%) patients and in 2 of 6 (33%) patients receiving 400 mg every 6 h. Dose-limiting side effects occurred in 1 of 20 (5%) patients receiving cibenzoline and in 7 of 20 (35%) patients receiving quinidine. Cibenzoline and quinidine are equal in efficacy, but cibenzoline is significantly better tolerated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine