Cryogenic particle accumulation in ATRAP and the first antihydrogen production within a magnetic gradient trap for neutral antimatter

C. H. Storry, A. Carew, D. Comeau, E. A. Hessels, M. Weel, M. C. George, D. Grzonka, W. Oelert, T. Sefzick, Z. Zhang, G. Gabrielse, P. Larochelle, D. LeSage, B. Levitt, W. S. Kolthammer, R. McConnell, P. Richerme, J. Wrubel, A. Speck, F. MarkertF. Nillius, M. Scheid, J. Walz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

ATRAP has made many important improvements since CERN's Antiproton Decelerator (AD) was restarted in 2006. These include substantial increases in the number of positrons (e+) and antiprotons (Pbars) used to make antihydrogen (Hbar) atoms, a new technique for loading electrons (e-) that are used to cool Pbars and e+, implementation of a completely new, larger and more robust apparatus in our second experimental zone and the inclusion of a quadrupole Ioffe trap intended to trap the coldest Hbar atoms produced. Using this new apparatus we have produced large numbers of Hbar atoms within a Penning trap that is located within this quadrupole Ioffe trap using a new technique which shows promise for producing even colder atoms. These observed Hbar atoms resolve a debate about whether positrons and antiprotons can be brought together to form atoms within the divergent magnetic fields of a quadrupole Ioffe trap.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-265
Number of pages12
JournalAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1037
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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    Storry, C. H., Carew, A., Comeau, D., Hessels, E. A., Weel, M., George, M. C., Grzonka, D., Oelert, W., Sefzick, T., Zhang, Z., Gabrielse, G., Larochelle, P., LeSage, D., Levitt, B., Kolthammer, W. S., McConnell, R., Richerme, P., Wrubel, J., Speck, A., ... Walz, J. (2008). Cryogenic particle accumulation in ATRAP and the first antihydrogen production within a magnetic gradient trap for neutral antimatter. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1037, 254-265. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2977845