Expression of B7 costimulatory molecules represents an important compartment of immune response of epithelial cells after microbial infection. We report here that the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium parvum induced B7-H1 expression in cultured human cholangiocytes. Induced expression of B7-H1 was identified in cells after exposure to infective C. parvum parasite or parasite lysate. Interestingly, the level of microRNA513 (miR-513) was reduced in cells after exposure to C. parvum, which resulted in a relief of 3' untranslated region-mediated translations suppression of B7-H1. Overexpression of miR-513 through transfection of miR513 precursor inhibited C. parvum-indaced B7-H1 protein expression. Moreover, enhanced apoptotic cell death was identified in activated human T cells after coculture with C. parvum-infected cholangiocytes. The apoptosis of activated T cells was partially blocked by a neutralizing antibody to B7-H1 or transfection of cholangiocytes with miR-513 precursor. These data suggest a role of miR-513 in regulating B7-H1 expression by cholangiocytes in response to C. parvum infection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases