Cultural sensitivity and global pharmacy engagement in the Arab world

Naser Z. Alsharif, Nile M. Khanfar, Lisa F. Brennan, Elias B. Chahine, Abeer M. Al-Ghananeem, Jillian Retallick, Mona Schaalan, Neven Sarhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objective. To create a resource on cultural sensitivity for schools and colleges of pharmacy that are currently engaged or considering future outreach opportunities in the Arab world. Methods. A literature review (2000-2018) of databases and Internet searches with specific keywords and terms were conducted. Authors who had experience in travelling to and hosting students and professionals from the Arab world and authors with local work experience in the Arab world were solicited. Results. General information about the Arab world, including unique aspects of individual countries, is presented. Stereotypes and misconceptions regarding the region and the people are discussed. Specific information about the government and infrastructure of each country, including their health care system is provided, with emphasis given to pharmacy education and practice in the region. In addition, recommendations for culturally sensitive engagement for pharmacy and other health care practitioners are discussed. Finally, recommendations for culturally sensitive engagement when hosting students and/or faculty members from the Arab world are also addressed. Conclusion. Global engagement between schools and colleges of pharmacy in the United States and those in the Arab world is increasing. For an enriching and fruitful engagement, sensitivity toward the cultural and clinical needs of the people, and in particular, the professionals of that region is critical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7228
Pages (from-to)619-636
Number of pages18
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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