Denosumab-related osteonecrosis of the jaw: a report of 2 cases and review of the literature

Hardeep Chehal, Nikolaos G. Nikitakis, Mohammed N. Islam, Jason H. Goodchild, Lorenzo Mordini, Indraneel Bhattacharyya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Bisphosphonates have been implicated in the induction of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) since 2004. Since then, the spectrum of drugs implicated in the onset of MRONJ has broadened to include other antiresorptive and antiangiogenic drugs. Denosumab is an antiresorptive drug that has been on the market since 2010. Denosumab inhibits osteoclast formation, function, and survival and increases bone mineral density. As a result, denosumab is indicated for the treatment of osteoporosis and bone metastases. This article reports 2 cases of MRONJ associated with denosumab use. The characteristics and progression of MRONJ in patients who take denosumab are reviewed, and therapeutic measures are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-46
Number of pages5
JournalGeneral dentistry
Volume67
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

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    Chehal, H., Nikitakis, N. G., Islam, M. N., Goodchild, J. H., Mordini, L., & Bhattacharyya, I. (2019). Denosumab-related osteonecrosis of the jaw: a report of 2 cases and review of the literature. General dentistry, 67(1), 42-46.