A small library of synthetic (-)-palmyrolide A diastereomers, analogues, and acyclic precursors have been examined with respect to their interaction with voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs). Toward this goal, the ability of (-)-palmyrolide A and analogues to antagonize veratridine-stimulated Na+ influx in primary cultures of mouse cerebrocortical neurons was assessed. We found that synthetic (-)-palmyrolide A and its enantiomer functioned as VGSC antagonists to block veratridine-induced sodium influx. A detailed NMR and computational analysis of four diastereomers revealed that none had the same combination of shape and electrostatic potential as exhibited by natural (-)-palmyrolide A. These data indicate that the relative configuration about the tert-butyl and methyl substituents appears to be a prerequisite for biological function. Additional testing revealed that the enamide double bond was not necessary for blocking veratridine-induced sodium influx, whereas the acyclic analogues and other macrolide diastereomers tested were inactive as inhibitors of VGSCs, suggesting that the intact macrolide was required.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Analytical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Molecular Medicine
- Complementary and alternative medicine