It has been suggested that some mutations in codons 12 and 13 of the K- ras gene are associated with the progression of colorectal adenomas to carcinomas. The aim of this study was to develop a rapid, colorimetric assay for K-ras point mutations commonly associated with colorectal cancer. K-ras exon 1 was amplified from colorectal tumor DNA and K-ras activating mutations detected using an oligonucleotide ligation assay (OLA) in combination with immunological and colorimetric detection. Using the OLA with oligonucleotides specific to individual K-ras mutations, 6 (of 17 total colorectal adenomas/carcinomas) were found to have K-ras mutations. The assay could detect as little as 10% mutant allele. A simplified OLA designed to test for either the presence (+) or absence (-) of any of the K-ras activating mutations was developed. The assay was further streamlined by use of a dipstick methodology for colorimetric development. If required, assay sensitivity can be increased by the use of the recently described EDNA-ELCA detection system. The simplified (+/-) mutation OLA in combination with a dipstick or EDNA-ELCA detection system provides a rapid, sensitive assay for K-ras point mutations suitable for use as part of the clinical assessment of colorectal cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy