Development and initial validation of an objective measure of faith development

Gary K. Leak, Anne A. Loucks, Patricia Bowlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


This article describes the development and initial validation ofa brief index of mature faith dcvelopnent based on Fowler's theorizing. Study I reports on the construction of a content valid 8-item scale, as well as presenting initial convergent validity evi- dence. A second study explored the validity of the new faith development scale through its associations with theoretically important religious and personality characteristics. Finally, other studies used a variety of nethodological approaches to establishing construct validity (peer-ratings in Study 2; known-group differences in Study 3). The results are generally supportive of the validity of the new scale. For exalnple, the scale was related in predicted ways to measures of religious and personality open- ness as well as peer ratings of faith development, while remaining uncontaninated by socially desirable response set tendencies. Suggestions for future research with the scale, as well as inplications for Fowler's theory, are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-124
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Plant Science


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