We aimed to study the efficacy of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) in detecting the etiology of myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane databases. Search terms used: Myocardial infarction, Coronary angiography, Normal coronary arteries, CMR, and OCT. Inclusion criteria was fulfilled by 18 studies. Meta-analysis was performed with 15 studies. A total of 2697 patients were included. The mean age of all the patients was 51.5 and 56.4% were men. CMR established diagnosis in 74% of the patients; 29% had acute myocarditis, 18% had true myocardial infarction and 12% had takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Combining OCT with CMR was better at finding the etiology than either modality individually. The findings of this study conclude that CMR is integral in identifying the etiology of MINOCA. Coupling OCT and CMR is better than either technique individually at finding the cause.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine