Discovery of candidate HIV-1 latency biomarkers using an OMICs approach

Michael Belshan, Alexander Holbrook, Joseph W. George, Hannah E. Durant, Michael Callahan, Spencer Jaquet, John T. West, Jacob Siedlik, Pawel Ciborowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Infection with HIV-1 remains uncurable due to reservoirs of latently infected cells. Any potential cure for HIV will require a mechanism to identify and target these cells in vivo. We created a panel of Jurkat cell lines latently infected with the HIV DuoFlo virus to identify candidate biomarkers of latency. SWATH mass spectrometry was used to compare the membrane proteomes of one of the cell lines to parental Jurkat cells. Several candidate proteins with significantly altered expression were identified. The differential expression of several candidates was validated in multiple latently infected cell lines. Three factors (LAG-3, CD147,CD231) were altered across numerous cell lines, but the expression of most candidate biomarkers was variable. These results confirm that phenotypic differences in latently infected cells exists and identify additional novel biomarkers. The variable expression of biomarkers across different cell clones suggests universal antigen-based detection of latently infected cells may require a multiplex approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-95
Number of pages10
JournalVirology
Volume558
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology

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