Little is known about the cell signaling involved in forming the body plan of the sea urchin embryo. Previous work suggested that PDGF-like and EGF-like receptor-mediated signaling pathways are involved in gastrulation and spiculogenesis in the Lytechinus pictus embryo. Here we show that expression of the human PDGF receptor-β lacking the cytoplasmic domain disrupted development in a manner consistent with a dominant/negative mechanism. The truncated PDGF receptor-β inhibited gut and spicule formation and differentiation along the oral-aboral axis. The most severely affected embryos arrested at a developmental stage resembling mesenchyme blastula. Coinjection into eggs of RNA encoding the entire human PDGF receptor-β rescued development. The truncated PDGF receptor-β caused the aboral ectoderm-specific genes LpS1 and LpC2 to be repressed while an oral ectoderm-specific gene, Ecto-V, was expressed in all ectoderm cells. The results support the hypothesis that a PDGF-like signaling pathway plays a key role in the intercellular communication required for gastrulation and spiculogenesis, and in cell commitment and differentiation along the oral-aboral axis.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology