Does the age of breast cancer diagnosis in first-degree relatives impact on the risk of breast cancer in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers?

John Semple, Kelly A. Metcalfe, Jan Lubinski, Tomasz Huzarski, Jacek Gronwald, Susan Armel, Henry T. Lynch, Beth Karlan, William Foulkes, Christian F. Singer, Susan L. Neuhausen, Charis Eng, Javaid Iqbal, Steven A. Narod

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to estimate the age-specific annual risks of breast cancer in a woman with a germline BRCA mutation and an affected first-degree relative according to the age of breast cancer diagnosis in the relative. Women with BRCA mutations with no previous diagnosis of breast cancer and with one first-degree relative with breast cancer were followed for breast cancers for a mean of 5.9 years (minimum 2 years). Age-specific annual breast cancer risks were calculated, according to the age of breast cancer diagnosis in the proband and the first-degree relative. 1114 cancer-free women with a BRCA mutation with a single first-degree relative with breast cancer were eligible for the study. 122 women (11.0 %) were diagnosed with incident breast cancer. The annual risk of breast cancer was 2.0 % for women with BRCA1 mutations and was 1.6 % for women with BRCA2 mutations. The age of breast cancer diagnosis in the first-degree relative did not affect the annual breast cancer risks for BRCA1 mutation carriers. For BRCA2 mutation carriers, the annual breast cancer risk was 4.5 % for women with a first-degree relative diagnosed with breast cancer under the age of 30 years and was 0.7 % for women with a relative diagnosed over the age of 60. Among women with BRCA2 mutations, a family history of early-onset breast cancer is a risk factor for developing breast cancer. Risk assessment for healthy BRCA2 mutation carriers should consider the ages of breast cancers diagnosed in first-degree relatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-169
Number of pages7
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume154
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Semple, J., Metcalfe, K. A., Lubinski, J., Huzarski, T., Gronwald, J., Armel, S., Lynch, H. T., Karlan, B., Foulkes, W., Singer, C. F., Neuhausen, S. L., Eng, C., Iqbal, J., & Narod, S. A. (2015). Does the age of breast cancer diagnosis in first-degree relatives impact on the risk of breast cancer in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers? Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 154(1), 163-169. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-015-3596-8