Goals/Background:Patients with malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) often require transpapillary stenting for symptomatic relief and biliary decompression. Plastic stents and uncovered metal stents are now replaced by covered self- expanding metal stents (SEMS). However, stent occlusion from tumor overgrowth and chronic inflammation continues to be an issue. Drug-eluting stents (DES), through an antitumor paclitaxel membrane, have been used to combat this problem. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis comparing DES to SEMS in MBO.Study:Multiple databases were searched to identify studies that compared the clinical outcomes of SEMS and DES in patients with MBO. Random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled odds ratio and the pooled individual outcomes. Our primary goals were to assess the stent patency and overall survival in days. Secondary outcomes assessed the individual reported adverse events and/or complications.Results:Five studies including 348 patients (175 males and 173 females) were included. The pooled odds ratio of stent patency was 1.03 (95% confidence interval: 0.68-1.54, P=0.9) and overall survival was 1.16 (95% confidence interval: 0.63-2.11, P=0.6). The pooled rate of stent patency was 168.3 (95% 140.7-196.4) days for DES and 149.4 (117.6-181.2) days for SEMS. The pooled rate of overall survival was 267.2 (206.2-328.2) days for DES and 218.2 (148.5-287.8) days for SEMS.Conclusion:On the basis of this meta-analysis, DES and SEMS seem to demonstrate comparable clinical outcomes in patients with malignant biliary strictures. Reported adverse events and/or complications were comparable as well.
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