Analogs of the opioid peptide [D-Ala8]dynorphin A-(1-11)NH2 containing optically pure (R)- and (S)-2-aminotetralin-2-carboxylic acid (Atc) in position 4 were synthesized and evaluated for opioid receptor affinity. These peptides are the first reported dynorphin A analogs containing a conformationally constrained amino acid in place of the important aromatic residue Phe4. By incorporating resolved Atc isomers, the opioid receptor affinity and the stereochemistry of the constrained residue could be unambiguously correlated. Both Dyn A analogs containing Atc in position 4 retained nanomolar affinity for κ and μ opioid receptors. Unexpectedly the peptide containing (R)-Atc, corresponding to a conformationally constrained D-Phe analog, displaying higher affinity for both κ and μ receptors than the peptide containing (S)-Atc. In contrast [D-Phe4,D-Ala8] Dyn A-(1-11)NH2 exhibited significantly lower affinity for κ and μ receptors than the parent peptide, as expected. Conformational restriction of the Phe4 sidechain or incorporation of D-Phe in position 4 had the largest effect on δ receptor affinity, yielding compounds with negligible affinity for these receptors. Thus, there appear to be distinctly different structural requirements for this residue for κ vs. δ receptors, and it is possible to completely distinguish between these two receptors by changing a single residue in Dyn A.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry